Ankle Sprain

What is a sprained ankle?

A sprained ankle is an injury that occurs when you roll, twist or turn your ankle in an awkward way. This can stretch or tear the tough bands of tissue (ligaments) that help hold your ankle bones together. Almost all ankle sprains can be treated without surgery. Even a complete ligament tear can heal without surgical repair if it is immobilized appropriately.

Cause and symptoms

A sprain occurs when your ankle is forced to move out of its normal position, which can cause one or more of the ankle’s ligaments to stretch, partially tear or tear completely. Causes might include: a fall that causes your ankle to twist, landing awkwardly on your foot after jumping, walking or exercising on an uneven surface or another person stepping/landing on your foot during a sports activity.

Signs and symptoms of a sprained ankle vary depending on the severity of the injury. They may include:

  • Pain, especially when you bear weight on the affected foot
  • Tenderness when you touch the ankle
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Restricted range of motion
  • Instability in the ankle
  • Popping sensation or sound at the time of injury


Treatment for a sprained ankle depends on the severity of the injury. Although self-care measures may be all you need, a medical evaluation might be necessary to reveal how badly you’ve sprained your ankle and to determine the appropriate treatment. Firstly one of our physiotherapists will diagnose your ankle sprain by performing a careful examination of your foot and ankle. Subsequently you will receive a personalized management plan to prevent stiffness, increase your ankle strength, and get you back to doing the things you love.